BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CAVES, FISSURES AND ROCK SHELTERS IN WALES.

Database compiled and produced by Andrew T. Chamberlain, and Jim Williams Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield, Northgate House, Sheffield, S1 4ET.
Most recent changes incorporated on December 5, 2000.


When referencing this article, please use the following convention:
Chamberlain, A.T. & Williams, J.P. 2000 A Gazetteer of Welsh Caves, Fissures and Rock Shelters Containing Human Remains. Capra 2 available at - http://capra.group.shef.ac.uk/2/wales.html



Site: Big Covert Cave (Maeshafn Cave, Llanferres Cave), Clwyd

References:

Aldhouse-Green, S. et al. (1996) Holocene humans at Pontnewydd and Cae Gronw caves. Antiquity 70: 444-447.

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Brassil, K.S. & Guilbert, G.C. (1982) Caves in Clwyd. Archaeology in Clwyd 4-5.

Davies, E. (1950) A Roman brooch discovered near "The Loggerheads", Denbighshire. Archaeological Newsletter, July, 29.

Davies, E. (1953) Cave exploration at Maes Hafn, Llanferres. Transactions of the Denbighshire Historical Society 153-155.

Hesketh, G.E. (1955) An account of excavations in the cave in Big Covert, Maeshafn, Llanferres. Transactions of the Flintshire Historical Society 15: 141-148.

Savory, H.N. (1951) Burial cave at Llanferres. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 14: 174-175.

Valdemar, A.E. & Jones, R.D. (1970) An initial report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters in North Wales. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 99-107.


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Site: Cae Gronw Cave, St Asaph, Clwyd

References:

Aldhouse-Green, S. et al. (1996) Holocene humans at Potnewydd and Cae Gronw caves. Antiquity 70: 444-447.

Green, H.S. (1986) The Palaeolithic settlement of Wales research project: a review of progress 1978-85. In Colcutt, S.N. (ed.) The Palaeolithic of Britain and its Nearest Neighbours: Recent Trends. Sheffield, University of Sheffield, pp. 36-42.


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Site: Carreg Cennen Castle, Llandeilo, Dyfed

References:

Camden, W. (1695) Britannia. London.

Cantrill, T.C. (1919) Some chemical characters of ancient charcoals. Archaeologia Cambrensis 19: 365-392.

Davies, M. (1980) Carreg Cennen Castle Cave. Archaeology in Wales 20: 23.

Davies, M. (1981) The location of the bone cave at Carreg Cennen Castle. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 95: 16-17.

Davies, M. (1995) The Cantrill discoveries. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 115: 28-32.

Roese, H.E. (1979) Archaeological discoveries by T.C. Cantrill. Archaeologia Cambrensis 128: 147-155.


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Site: Cat Hole, Ilston, West Glamorgan

References:

Allen, E.E. & Rutter, J.G. (1948) Gower Caves. Swansea, Welsh Guides.

Campbell, J.B. (1977) The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain. A Study of Man and Nature in the Late Ice Age. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

Campbell, S. & Bowen, D.Q. (1989) Geological Conservation Review. Quaternary of Wales. Peterborough: Nature Conservancy Council.

Garrod, D.A.E. (1926) The Upper Palaeolithic Age in Britain. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Gibson, A.M. (1982) Beaker domestic sites: a study of the domestic pottery of the late third and early second millenia B.C. in the British Isles. British Archaeological Reports British Series 107. B.A.R., Oxford.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. Cardiff, National Museum of Wales.

Harrison, C.J.O. (1980) A re-examination of British Devensian and earlier Holocene bird bones in the British Museum (Natural History). Journal of Archaeological Science 7: 53-68.

Jacobi, R.M. (1980) The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain with special reference to Wales. In Taylor, J.A. (ed.) Culture and Environment in Prehistoric Wales. B.A.R. British Series 76: 15-100.

Oldham, T. (1978) The Caves of Gower. Privately printed.

McBurney, C.B.M. (1959) Report on the first season's fieldwork on British Upper Palaeolithic cave deposits. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 25: 260-269.

McComb, P. (1989) Upper Palaeolithic Artefacts from Britain and Belgium. An Inventory and Technological description. British Archaeological Reports International Series 481.

Roberts, J. (1887) Cats Hole Cave. Annual report and Transactions of the Swansea Scientific Society 15-23.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1976) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Glamorgan. Volume I: Pre-Norman Part I. The Stone and Bronze Ages. HMSO, Cardiff.

Vivian, H.H. (1887) Description of the Park Cwm tumulus. Archaeologia Cambrensis 192-201.


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Site: Cefn Caves, St. Asaph, Clwyd

References:

Dawkins, W.B. (1874) Cave Hunting. MacMillan, London, p. 159-161, 184-7.

de Rance, C.E. (1888) Age of the Clwydian caves. Geological Magazine 5: 300-303.

Campbell, S. & Bowen, D.Q. (1989) Geological Conservation Review. Quaternary of Wales. Peterborough: Nature Conservancy Council.

Ffoulkes, W.W. (1872) On the discovery of platycnemic men in Denbighshire, and notes on their remains. Archaeologia Cambrensis 4th series, Vol 3: 22-32.

Green, H.S. (1983) Excavations at Pontnewydd and Cefn Caves. Archaeology in Clwyd 6: 1.

Green, H.S. (1986) The Palaeolithic settlement of Wales research project: a review of progress 1978-85. In Colcutt, S.N. (ed.) The Palaeolithic of Britain and its Nearest Neighbours: Recent Trends. Sheffield, University of Sheffield, pp. 36-42.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. Cardiff, National Museum of Wales.

Hughes, T.M. (1885) Notes of the geology of the Vale of Clwyd. Proceedings of the Chester Society for Natural Science 3: 5-37.

Hughes, T.M. (1887) On the drifts of the Vale of Clwyd and their relation to the caves and cave deposits. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 43: 73-120.

Mackintosh, D. (1876) On the correlation of the deposits in Cefn and Pontnewydd Caves with the drifts of the north-west of England and Wales. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 32: 91-94.

Moore, T.J. (1867) Mammalian remains from Cefn Cave. Part 1. Proceedings of the Liverpool Geological Society 1: 50-51.

Murchison, C. (1868) Palaeontological Memoirs and Notes of the late Hugh Falconer. Volume II: Hardwicke, London.

Neaverson, E. (1942) A summary of the records of Pleistocene and post-glacial mammalia from North Wales and Merseyside. Proceedings of the Liverpool Geological Society 70-85.

Paxton, R.A. (1952) Notes on the Cefn Caves, St Asaph, Denbighshire. Cave Science 3: 120-121.

Stanley, E. (1832) Memoir on a cave at Cefn in Denbighshire. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 14: 40-53.

Valdemar, A.E. (1970) A new assessment of the occupation of the Cefn Cave in relation to the Bont Newydd Cave and the River Elwy. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 109-112.


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Site: Chartist Cave (Ogof Fawr), Trefil, Dyfed

References:

Davies, M. (1991) A review of archaeological caves in Brecknock. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 109: 51-54.

Lewis, R.G. (1976) Chartist Cave, Brecon. The Red Dragon (Journal of the Cambrian Caving Council) 7: 1-4.


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Site: Corkscrew Cave, Great Orme, Llandudno, Gwynedd

References:

David, G.C. (1979) 'Corkscrew Cave', Great Orme. Archaeology in Wales 19: 11.

Griffiths, R. (1994) Caves of the Great Orme. Ogofa 2.


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Site: Culver Hole (Three Chimneys Cave), Llangynydd, West Glamorgan

References:

Allen, E.E. & Rutter, J.G. (1948) Gower Caves. Swansea, Welsh Guides.

Boon, G.C. (1980) Two Iron-Age glass beads in the National Musuem. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 29: 745-746.

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Buxton, L.H.D. (1932) Report on the human remains from Culver Hole. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 6(2): 198-200.

David, H.E. (1924) Culver Hole. Annual Reports of the Royal Institute of South Wales 25-28.

Oldham, T. (1978) The Caves of Gower. Privately printed.

Penniman, T.K. (1931) Culver Hole Cave, Llangennith, Gower. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 6(1): 90-92.

Penniman, T.K. (1932) Culver Hole Cave and vicinity, Llangennith and Llanmadoc, Gower. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 6(2): 196-197.

Penniman, T.K. (1935) Culver Hole Cave, Llangennith, and vicinity. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 7(4): 417-418.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1976) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Glamorgan. Volume I: Pre-Norman Part I. The Stone and Bronze Ages. HMSO, Cardiff.

Savory, H.N. (1958) The late Bronze Age in Wales: some new discoveries and new interpretations. Archaeologia Cambrensis 107: 3-63.

Taylor, M.V. (1935) Roman Britain in 1934. Journal of Roman Studies 25: 201-202


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Site: Eel Point Cave, Caldey Island, Dyfed

References:

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91

Lacaille, A.D. & Grimes, W.F. (1961) The prehistory of Caldey. Archaeologia Cambrensis 110: 37-39, 60-63.

Laws, E. (1888) The History of Little England Beyond Wales. Bell, London.

Leach, A.L. (1916) Nanna's Cave, Isle of Caldey. Archaeologia Cambrensis 16: 155-180.

Leach, A.L. (1945) The Rev. G.N. Smith: a Pembrokeshire antiquary. Archaeologia Cambrensis 98: 248-254.


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Site: Gop Cave, Trelawnyd, Gwaenysgor, Clwyd

References:

Davies, E. (1949) The Prehistoric and Roman Remains of Flintshire. Cardiff.

Dawkins, W.B. (1901) On the cairn and sepulchral cave at Gop, near Prestatyn. Archaeological Journal 58: 322-341.

Dawkins, W.B. (1912) Certain fixed points in the prehistory of Wales. Archaeologia Cambrensis 6: 61-108.

Gibson, A. (1995) First impressions: a review of Peterborough Ware in Wales. In Kinnes, I. & Varndell, G. (eds) 'Unbaked Urns of Rudely Shape': Essays on British and Irish Pottery. Oxbow Monograph 55. Oxbow, Oxford, pp. 23-39.

Glenn, T.A. (1913) Distribution of Neolithic implements in northern Flintshire. Archaeologia Cambrensis 13: 181-190.

Glenn, T.A. & Piggott, S. (1935) Distribution of the Graig Lwyd axe and its associated cultures. Archaeologia Cambrensis 90: 194-216.

Green, H.S. (1980) The Flint Arrowheads of the British Isles. B.A.R. British Series 75. B.A.R., Oxford.

Jackson, J.W. (1913) On the occurrence of the lynx in North Wales and Derbyshire. Geological Magazine 10: 259-262.

Lynch, F. (1969) Flint arrowheads from Minera, Wrexham. Denbighshire Historical Society Transactions 18: 173.

McInnes, I. (1968) Jet sliders in Late Neolithic Britain. In Coles, J.M. & Simpson, D.D.A. (eds) Studies in Ancient Europe. Leicester University Press, pp. 137-144.

Piggott, S. (1954) Neolithic Cultures of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press.

Walker, E. (1993) History of excavations at Gop Cave. Clwyd Archaeological News p. 3


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Site: Gop Farm Cave, Trelawnyd, Gwaenysgor, Clwyd

References:

Davies, E. (1925) Hut circles and ossiferous cave on Gop Farm, Gwaunysgor, Flintshire. Archaeologia Cambrensis 5: 436-438.

Davies, E. (1949) The Prehistoric and Roman remains of Flintshire. Cardiff.

Glenn, T.A. (1913) Distribution of Neolithic implements in northern Flintshire. Archaeologia Cambrensis 13: 184.


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Site: High Cliff Quarry, Caldey Island, Dyfed

References:

Dawkins, W.B. (1874) Cave Hunting. MacMillan, London.

Laws. E. (1888) The History of Little England Beyond Wales. Bell, London.


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Site: Hoyle's Mouth Cave, Tenby, Dyfed

References:

Campbell, S. & Bowen, D.Q. (1989) Geological Conservation Review. Quaternary of Wales. Peterborough: Nature Conservancy Council.

David, A. (1991) Late glacial archaeological residues from Wales: a selection. In Barton, N. et al. (eds) The Late Glacial in North-West Europe. CBA Research Report 77: 141-159.

Garrod, D.A.E. (1926) The Upper Palaeolithic Age in Britain. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. Cardiff, National Museum of Wales.

Jones, E.L. (1882) On the exploration of two caves in the neighbourhood of Tenby. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 38: 282-288.

Laws. E. (1888) The History of Little England Beyond Wales. Bell, London.

Leach, A.L. (1913) Stone implements from soil drifts and chipping floors in south Pembrokeshire. Archaeologia Cambrensis 13: 391-432.

Leach, A.L. (1918) Some Prehistoric Remains in the Tenby Museum. Tenby.

Leach, A.L. (1945) The Rev. G.N. Smith: a Pembrokeshire antiquary. Archaeologia Cambrensis 98: 248-254.

Savory, H.N. (1973) Excavations at The Hoyle, Tenby, in 1968. Archaeologia Cambrensis 122: 18-34.

Smith, G.N. (1860) On three undescribed bone caves near Tenby, Pembrokeshire. Reports of the British Association 30: 101-102.

Smith, G.N. (1860) On the Tenby bone-caves, and the question of the antiquity of the human race, as inferred from certain flint implements found in them. London, Dent.

Smith, G.N. (1862) Report of a successful search for flint implements in a cave called "the Oyle", near Tenby, South Wales, in June and July, 1862. The Geologist 6: 47-50.

Smith, G.N. (1864) The Pembrokeshire bone and flint-knife caves in regard to the antiquity of man. Archaeologia Cambrensis 342-345.

Winwood, H.H. (1865) Exploration of the "Hoyle's Mouth" cave, near Tenby. The Geological Magazine 2: 471-473.


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Site: Ifton Quarries, Rogiet, Gwent

References:

Anwyl, E. (1909) The early settlers of Monmouth. Archaeologia Cambrensis 9: 261-282.


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Site: Kendrick's Cave, Great Orme, Llandudno, Gwynedd

References:

Davies, M. (1991) Kendrick’s Cave, Llandudno - some nineteenth century finds. Studies in Speleology 8: 57-61.

Dawkins, W.B. (1879) Memorandum on the remains from the cave at the Great Ormes Head. Proceedings of the Liverpool Geological Society 4: 156-159.

Eskrigge, R.A. (1879) Notes on human skeletons and traces of human workmanship found in a cave at Llandudno. Proceedings of the Liverpool Geological Society 4: 153-155.

Gillespie, R. et al. (1985) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system. Archaeometry datelist 2. Archaeometry 27: 237-246.

Gore, A. (1881) Prehistoric cave at Llandudno. Archaeologia Cambrensis 335.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. Cardiff, National Museum of Wales.

Humphreys, G.A. (1908) Prehistoric remains from Kendrick's cave, Great Orme's Head, Llandudno. Proceedings of the Llandudno and District Field Club 49-57.

Ingram, A.H.W. (1885) On the discovery of human bones and ornaments in a cave in the Great Orme's Head. Geological Magazine 2: 307.

McComb, P. (1989) Upper Palaeolithic osseous artefacts from Britain and Belgium. B.A.R. International Series 481. British Archaeological Reports, Oxford.

Sieveking, G. de G. (1971) The Kendrick's cave mandible. British Museum Quarterly 35: 230-250.

Valdemar, A.E. & Jones, R.D. (1970) An initial report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters in North Wales. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 99-107.


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Site: Lesser Garth Cave, Radyr, South Glamorgan

References:

Alcock, L. (1959) Dark Age objects of Irish origin from the Lesser Garth Cave, Glamorgan. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 18: 221-227.

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Davis, P.R. (1983) The Lesser Garth Caves, near Cardiff, South Wales. Transactions of the British Cave Research Association 10: 40-45.

Hussey, M.S. (1963) Archaeology in Wales 3: 5-6.

Hussey, M.S. (1964) Final excavations at the Lesser Garth Cave, Pentyrch. Transactions of the Cardiff Natural History Society 93: 18-39.

Oldham, T. (1985) The Caves of the Southern Outcrop. Privately printed.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1976) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Glamorgan. Volume I: Pre-Norman Part I. The Stone and Bronze Ages. HMSO, Cardiff.

Savory, H.N. (1958) The late Bronze Age in Wales: some new discoveries and new interpretations. Archaeologia Cambrensis 107: 3-63.

Wilson, D.R. (1964) Roman Britain in 1963. Journal of Roman Studies 54: 152-153.

Wheeler, R.E.M. (1922) Excavations in South Wales. Antiquaries Journal 2: 62.

Wheeler, R.E.M. (1923) A cave on the Lesser Garth, near Radyr, Cardiff. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 1: 68.


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Site: Little Hoyle Cave (Longbury Bank Cave), Tenby, Dyfed

References:

Alcock, L. (1958) Post-Roman sherds from Longbury Bank Cave, Penally (Pembrokeshire). Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 18: 77-79.

Anon (1991) Date list. Ancient TL 9: 57-62.

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Campbell, E. & Lane, A. (1993) Excavations at Longbury Bank, Dyfed. Medieval Archaeology 37: 15-77.

Campbell, E. (1988) Longbury Bank. In Edwards, N. & Lane, A. (eds) Early Medieval Settlements in Wales. AD 400 - 1100. pp. 88-90.

Campbell, S. & Bowen, D.Q. (1989) Geological Conservation Review. Quaternary of Wales. Peterborough: Nature Conservancy Council.

Dawkins, W.B. (1874) Cave Hunting. MacMillan, London.

Green, S. (1986) Excavations at Little Hoyle (Longbury Bank), Wales, in 1984. In Roe, D.A. (ed.) Studies in the Upper Palaeolithic of Britain and Northwest Europe. British Archaeological Reports International Series 296. B.A.R., Oxford, pp. 99-119.

Green, H.S. (1986) The Palaeolithic settlement of Wales research project: a review of progress 1978-85. In Colcutt, S.N. (ed.) The Palaeolithic of Britain and its Nearest Neighbours: Recent Trends. Sheffield, University of Sheffield, pp. 36-42.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. Cardiff, National Museum of Wales.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1993) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 16. Archaeometry 35: 147-167.

Laws, E. (1877) On a kitchen midden found in a cave near Tenby, Pembrokeshire, and explored by Wilmot Power. Journal of the Anthropological Institute 7: 84-89.

Laws, E. (1888) A History of Little England Beyond Wales. Bell, London.

Leach, A.L. (1918) Some Prehistoric Remains in the Tenby Museum. Tenby.

Leach, A.L. (1945) The Rev. G.N. Smith: a Pembrokeshire antiquary. Archaeologia Cambrensis 98: 248-254.

McBurney, C.B.M. (1959) Report on the first season's fieldwork on British Upper Palaeolithic cave deposits. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 25: 260-269.

McComb, P. (1989) Upper Palaeolithic Artefacts from Britain and Belgium. An Inventory and Technological description. British Archaeological Reports International Series 481.

Rae, A.M. et al. (1987) A comparative dating study of bones from Little Hoyle Cave, South Wales, U.K. Journal of Archaeological Science 14: 243-250.

Rolleston et al. (1878) Report of the Committee appointed for the purpose of examining two caves containing human remains, in the neighbourhood of Tenby. Report of the Forty-Eighth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 209-217.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1925) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Wales and Monmouthshire. VII. County of Pembroke. HMSO, Cardiff, p. 293.


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Site: Lynx Cave, Maeshafn, Clwyd

References:

Blore, J.D. (1966) The excavation of Lynx Cave, 1962-1964: a preliminary report. Peakland Archaeological Society Newsletter 21: 17-19 & 35.

Bramwell, D. (1963) Notes on some recent cave and gravel pit discoveries in North Wales and the Peak District. Peakland Archaeological Society Newsletter 19: 25.

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Bronk-Ramsey, C. et al. (2000) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 29. Archaeometry 42: 243-254.

Thompson, F.H. (1963) Two Romano-British trumpet brooches with silver inlay. Antiquaries Journal 43: 289-290.

Valdemar, A.E. & Jones, R.D. (1970) An initial report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters in North Wales. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 99-107.


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Site: Mewslade Quarry Fissures, Rhossili, West Glamorgan

References:

Allen, E.E. & Rutter, J.G. (1948) Gower Caves. Welsh Guides, Swansea.

Murchison, C. (1868) Palaeontological Memoirs and Notes of the late Hugh Falconer. VolumeII: Robert Hardwicke, London.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1976) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Glamorgan. Volume I: Pre-Norman Part I. The Stone and Bronze Ages. HMSO, Cardiff.

Schaafhausen (1861) On the crania of ancient races of man. Natural History Review, New Series 1: 174.


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Site: Minchin Hole, Penard, West Glamorgan

References:

Allen, E.E. & Rutter, J.G. (1948) Gower Caves. Thomas, Swansea.

Bowen, D.Q. (1973) The excavation at Minchin Hole. Journal of the Gower Society 24: 12-18.

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Branigan, K., Dearne, M. & Rutter, J. (1992) Romano-British occupation of Minchin Hole Cave, Gower. Archaeologia Cambrensis 142: 40-70

Campbell, S. & Bowen, D.Q. (1989) Geological Conservation Review. Quaternary of Wales. Peterborough: Nature Conservancy Council.

Falconer, H. (1860) On the ossiferous caves of the Peninsula of Gower, in Glamorganshire, South Wales. With an appendix, on a raised beach in Mewslade bay, and the occurrence of the boulder-clay on Cefn-y-bryn. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 16: 487-491.

George, T.N. (1932) The Quaternary beaches of Gower. Proceedings of the Geologists Association 43: 291-324.

Harrison, C.J.O. (1977) Non-passerine birds of the Ipswichian Interglacial from the Gower Caves. Transactions of the British Cave Research Association 4: 441-442.

Nash-Williams, V.E. (1946) Early Iron Age and Roman pottery and other objects from Minchin Hole, Gower. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 62-63.

Rutter, J.G. (1948 to 1957) Journal of the Gower Society 1: 22-23; 2: 11-13; 3: 46; 5: 34; 6: 42; 8: 52; 9: 26-27; 10: 57.

Savory, H.N. (1956) Some sub-Romano-British brooches from South Wales. In Harden, D.B. (ed.) Dark Age Britain: Studies Presented to E.T. Leeds. London: Methuen, pp. 40-58.

Sutcliffe, A.J. (1981) Progress report on excavations in Minchin Hole, Gower. Quaternary Newsletter 33: 1-17.

Sutcliffe, A.J. & Bowen, D.Q. (1973) Preliminary report on excavations in Minchin Hole, April-May 1973. Newsletter of the William Pengelly Cave Studies Trust 21: 12-25.

Sutcliffe, A.J. & Currant, A.P. (1984) Minchin Hole Cave. In Bowen, D.Q. & Henry, A. (eds) Wales: Gower, Preseli, Fforest Fawr. Field Guide. Cambridge, Quaternary Research Association, pp. 33-37.

Williams, A. (1941) Local archaeology 1939-1941. Proceedings of the Swansea Scientific and Field Naturalists Society 2: 130-132.


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Site: Minera Cave, Minera, Clwyd

References:

Davies, G. (1968) Forgotten discovery in North Wales? Finding of human skeleton. British Caver 48: 47-48.

Silvester, R.J. (1992) An archaeological assessment of Minera Quarry and adjacent areas.


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Site: Mumbles Hill Fissure, Gower, West Glamorgan

References:

Allen, E.E. & Rutter, J.G. (1948) Gower Caves. Welsh Guides, Swansea.

Valdemar, A.E. (1970) A preliminary report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters of Wales. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 113-126.


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Site: Nanna's Cave, Caldey Island, Dyfed

References:

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Bronk Ramsey, C., Pettitt, P.B., Hedges, R.E.M., Hodgins, G.W.L. & Owen, D.C. (2000) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 30. Archaeometry 42: 459-479.

David, A. (1991) Late glacial archaeological residues from Wales: a selection. In Barton, N. et al. (eds) The Late Glacial in North West Europe. CBA Research Report 77, pp. 141-159.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. Cardiff, National Museum of Wales.

Lacaille, A.D. & Grimes, W.F. (1956) The prehistory of Caldey. Archaeologia Cambrensis 104: 85-165.

Lacaille, A.D. & Grimes, W.F. (1961) The prehistory of Caldey, Part 2. Archaeologia Cambrensis 110: 37-39, 60-63.

Leach, A.L. (1916) Nanna's Cave, Isle of Caldey. Archaeologia Cambrensis 6th series, 16: 155-180.

Leach, A.L. (1917) Supplementary notes on Nanna's Cave, Isle of Caldey. Archaeologia Cambrensis 17: 71-79.

Van Nedervelde, J. & Davies, M. (1976) Nanna’s Cave. Archaeology in Wales 16: 24.


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Site: Nant-y-fuach Rock Shelter, Dyserth, Clwyd

References:

Gibson, A. (1995) First impressions: a review of Peterborough Ware in Wales. In Kinnes, I. & Varndell, G. (eds) 'Unbaked Urns of Rudely Shape': Essays on British and Irish Pottery. Oxbow Monograph 55. Oxbow Books, Oxford, pp. 23-39.

Longworth, I. (1958) Notes on excavations in the British Isles, 1958. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 25: 280-281.

Lynch, F. (1969) The megalithic tombs of North Wales. In Powell, T.G.E. (ed.) Megalithic Enquiries in the West of Britain. Liverpool, pp. 107-148.

Trump, D. (1957) Notes on excavations in the British Isles, 1957. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 24: 219.

Valdemar, A.E. & Jones, R.D. (1970) An initial report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters in North Wales. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 99-107.


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Site: Nant-y-Graig Cave 'B' (Brasgill Cave), Llannefydd, Clwyd

References:

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Dawkins, W.B. (1874) (1874) Cave Hunting. MacMillan, London, p. 160

Davies, E. (1948) Nant-y-Graig cave. Proceedings of the Llandudno and District Field Club 21: 19-20.

Tankard, E. (1946) Notes on finds in a limestone cave at Nant-y-Graig, Vale of Clwyd. Archaeologia Cambrensis 99: 119-122.

Valdemar, A.E. & Jones, R.D. (1970) An initial report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters in North Wales. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 99-107.


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Site: Ogof Bran Goesgoch, Bosherston, Dyfed

References:

Bushell, W.D. (1903) The early life of St. Samson of Dol. Archaeologia Cambrensis 319-338.

Davies, M. (1975) Ogof Bran Goesgoch. Archaeology in Wales 15: 28.

Davies, M. (1976) Ogof Bran Goesgoch. Archaeology in Wales 16: 47.

Davies, M. (1977) Ogof Bran Goesgoch - a new archaeological cave in South Pembrokeshire. Cambrian Caving Council Journal 4: 45-46.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91


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Site: Ogof Colomendy, Maeshafn, Clwyd

References:

Davies, M. (1975) Ogof Colomendy. Archaeology in Wales 15: 23-24.

Davies, M. (1976) Ogof Colomendy. Archaeology in Wales 16: 20.

Davies, M. (1977) Ogof Colomendy. Archaeology in Wales 17: 20

Davies, M. (1989) Cave archaeology in North Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 92-101.


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Site: Ogof Drawsddu (Ogof Drawsdre Isaf), Llanarthney, Dyfed

References:

Anon (1893) Small bronze spear-head. Archaeologia Cambrensis 48: 142.

Valdemar, A.E. (1970) A preliminary initial report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters of Wales. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 113-126.


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Site: Ogof Ffynnon Ddu (Rhongyr Uchaf), Pen-y-Gae, Powys

References:

Charity, R.A.P. & Christopher, N.S.J. (1977) The stratigraphy and structrure of the Ogof Ffynnon Ddu area. Transactions of the British Cave Research Association 4: 403-416.

Davies, M. (1995) A fresh examination of the Ogof Ffynnon Ddu bones. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 115: 4-6.

Davies, M. (1980) A new interpretation of the 1946 human skeleton from Ogof Ffynnon Ddu. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 92: 19-20.

Davies, M. (1991) A review of archaeological caves in Brecknock. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 109: 51-54.

Glennie, E.A. (1950) Further notes on Ogof Ffynnon Ddu. Transactions of the British Cave Research Association 1(3): 1-47

Mason, E.J. & West, C.M. (1950) Report on human skeleton discovered on 4 August 1946 in Ogof Ffynnon Ddu at Rhongyr Uchaf, Swansea Valley. Cardiff Naturalists Society Reports and Transactions 79: 55-62.

Smart, P.L. & Christopher, N.S.J. (1989) Ogof Ffynnon Ddu. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge University Press, pp. 177-189.

Stratford, T. (1985) Caves of South Wales. 3rd edition. Cordee, Leicester.


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Site: Ogof Garreg Hir, Bosherton, Dyfed

References:

Davies, M. (1972) Ogof Garreg Hir. Archaeology in Wales 12: 18-19.

Davies, M. (1976) Ogof Garreg Hir. Archaeology in Wales 15: 28.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91.


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Site: Ogof Pant-y-Llyn (Craig Derwyddon) Carmel, Dyfed

References:

Anwyl (1907) The early settlers of Carmarthen. Archaeologia Cambrensis 7: 361-388.

Buckland, W. (1822) Account of an assemblage of fossil teeth and bones of elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, bear, tiger and hyaena and sixteen other animals discovered in a cave at Kirkdale, Yorkshire in the year 1821 with comparative view of five similar caverns in various parts of England and others on the Continent. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 112: 171-236.

Davies, M. (1985) Ogof Pant-y-Llyn: a new extension. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 99: 26-28.

Jones, K. et al. (1984) Ogof Pant-y-Llyn. Isca Caving Club Journal 2: 14-36.

Murphy, K. (1983) Pant-y-Llyn bone caves. Archaeology in Wales 23: 11.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1917) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Wales and Monmouthshire V. County of Carmarthen. pp. 126-127.

Stepney-Gulston, A. (1893) The Pant-y-Llyn bone caves. Archaeologia Cambrensis 10: 163-167.

Stratford, T. (1995) Caves of South Wales. 3rd Edition. Cordee, Leicester.


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Site: Ogof Pant-y-Wennol, Llandudno, Gwynedd

References:

Davies, M. (1974) Ogof Pant y Wennol. Archaeology in Wales 14: 8-9.

Davies, M. (1974) Ogof Pant y Wennol: excavations of 8th to 15th September, 1974. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 78: 22-23.

Davies, M. (1975) Ogof Pant y Wennol. Archaeology in Wales 15: 20.

Davies, M. (1989) Cave archaeology in North Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 92-101.

Stone, T.A. (1994) A glimpse of Llandudno in prehistory. Journal of the Great Orme Exploration Society Supplement 2: 1-28.

Stone, T.A. & Jones, W. (1981) Pant-y-Wennol Platform. Archaeology in Wales 21: 22.

Stone, T.A., Jones, W., Jones, S., & Smith, B. (1980) Pant-y-Wennol Platform. Archaeology in Wales 20: 21.

Stone, T.A. & Smith, B. (1979) Pant-y-Wennol Cave. Archaeology in Wales 19: 12.


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Site: Ogof Rhiwledyn Cave, Little Orme, Llandudno, Gwynedd

References:

Davies, M. (1973) Ogof Rhiwledyn, Little Orme. Archaeology in Wales 13: 15.

Davies, M. (1989) Cave archaeology in North Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 92-101.


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Site: Ogof-y-Benglog (New Cave/Skull Cave), Caldey Island, Dyfed

References:

Bronk Ramsey, C., Pettitt, P.B., Hedges, R.E.M., Hodgins, G.W.L. & Owen, D.C. (2000) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 30. Archaeometry 42: 459-479.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91

Smart, J. (1970) Caves of Caldey.

Van Nedervelde, J. (1969) Caldey Island (New Cave). Archaeology in Wales 9: 14.


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Site: Ogof-yr-Esgyrn (Dan-yr-Ogof 1), Glyntawe, Powys

References:

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

D'Elboux, R.H. (1924) A cave at Craig y Nos, Abercrave, Breconshire. Archaeologia Cambrensis 79: 113-124.

Davies, M. (1978) Excavations at Ogof yr Esgyrn. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 89: 3-7.

Mason, E.J. (1947) Archaeological excavations at Ogof-yr-Esgyrn. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 1: 1-18.

Mason, E.J. (1968) Ogof-yr-Esgyrn, Dan-yr-Ogof Caves, Brecknock excavations 1938-50. Archaeologia Cambrensis 117: 18-71.

Mason, E.J. (1971) A summary of the excavation at Ogof-yr-Esgyrn, Breconshire. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 13: 57-62.

Mason, E.J. (1977) The archaeology of Ogof yr Esgyrn (the Bone Cave). Transactions of the British Cave Research Association 4: 342-344.

Mason, E.J. (1978) Excavations at Ogof yr Esgyrn. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 89: 3-7.


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Site: Ogof-yr-Ychen (Cave of the Oxen), Caldey Island, Dyfed

References:

Bateman, J.A. (1973) Faunal remains from Ogof-yr-Ychen, Caldey Island. Nature 245: 454-455.

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Bronk Ramsey, C., Pettitt, P.B., Hedges, R.E.M., Hodgins, G.W.L. & Owen, D.C. (2000) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 30. Archaeometry 42: 459-479.

David, A. (1991) Late glacial archaeological residues from Wales: a selection. In Barton, N. et al. (eds) The Late Glacial in North West Europe. CBA Research Report 77, pp. 141-159.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91

Davies, M. (1971) Ogof-yr-Ychen, a new cave archaeological site on Caldey Island, Pembrokeshire. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 68: 21-26.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1994) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 18. Archaeometry 36: 337-374.

Van Nedervelde, J. (1972) Ogof-yr-Ychen (Cave of the Ox), Caldey Island. Archaeology in Wales 12: 19-20.

Van Nedervelde, J. et al. (1973) Radiocarbon dating from Ogof-yr-Ychen, a new Pleistocene site in West Wales. Nature 245: 453-455.


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Site: Orchid Cave, Maeshafn, Clwyd

References:

Aldhouse-Green, S. et al. (1996) Holocene humans at Pontnewydd and Cae Gronw caves. Antiquity 70: 444-447.

Brassil, K.S. & Guilbert, G.C. (1982) Caves in Clwyd. Archaeology in Clwyd 4-5.

Guilbert, G. (1982) Orchid Cave. Archaeology in Wales 22: 15

Guilbert, G. Denbighshire Historical Society Transactions


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Site: Paviland Cave (Goat’s Hole), Gower, West Glamorgan

References:

Aldhouse-Green, S. & Pettitt, P. (1998) Paviland Cave: contextualising the ‘Red Lady’. Antiquity 72: 756-772.

Aldhouse-Green, S.H.R., ed. (forthcoming) Paviland Cave and the ‘Red Lady’: a definitive report. University of Wales College, Newport and National Museums and Galleries of Wales, Cardiff.

Bowen, D.Q. (1970) The palaeoenvironment of the ‘Red Lady’ of Paviland. Antiquity 44: 134-136.

Buckland, W. (1823) Reliquiae Diluvianae. Murray, London.

Gowlett, J.A.J. et al. (1986) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 4. Archaeometry 28: 206-221.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. Cardiff, National Museum of Wales.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1989) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 9. Archaeometry 31: 207-234.

Jacobi, R.M. (1980) The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain with special reference to Wales. In Taylor, J.A. (ed.) Culture and Environment in Prehistoric Wales. British Archaeological Reports British Series 76: 15-100.

John, B.S. (1971) The ‘Red Lady’ of Paviland, a comment. Antiquity 45: 141-144.

McComb, P. (1989) Upper Palaeolithic Artefacts from Britain and Belgium. An Inventory and Technological Description. British Archaeological Reports International Series 481.

Molleson, T. (1976) Remains of Pleistocene man in Paviland and Pontnewydd Caves. Transactions of the British Cave Research Association 3: 112-116.

Molleson, T. & Burleigh, R. (1978) A new date for Goat's Hole Cave. Antiquity 52: 143-145.

Oakley, K.P. (1968) The date of the ‘red lady’ of Paviland. Antiquity 42: 306-307.

Oakley, K.P. (1971) Radiocarbon dating of the Proto-Solutrean in Wales. Nature 231: 112.

Oakley, K.P. (1980) Relative dating of the fossil hominids of Europe. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Geology Series 34: 1-63.

Rutter, J.G. & Allen, E.E. (1948) The Gower Caves. Swansea, Welsh Guides.

Sollas, W.J. (1913) Paviland Cave: an Aurignacian station in Wales. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 43: 325-374.

Stringer, C.B. (1986) Direct dates for the fossil hominid record. In Gowlett, J.A.J. & Hedges, R.E.M. (eds) Archaeological Results from Accelerator Dating. Oxford, Oxford Committee for Archaeology Monograph 11.


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Site: Perthi Chwareu Caves, Llandegla, Clwyd

References:

Busk, W. (1871) Journal of the Ethnological Society 2: 440.

Dawkins, W.B. (1871) Journal of the Ethnological Society 2: 450.

Dawkins, W.B. (1874) Cave Hunting. MacMillan, London, p. 149-156, 166-180.

Dawkins, W.B. (1912) Certain fixed points in the prehistory of Wales. Archaeologia Cambrensis 12: 61-108.

Ffoulkes, W.W. (1872) On the discovery of platycnemic men in Denbighshire, and notes on their remains. Archaeologia Cambrensis 3: 22-32.

Fisher, C. (1926) Neolithic caves at Perthi Chwarae, near Llandegla. Proceedings of the Llandudno and District Field Club 13: 25-27.


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Site: Plas Heaton Cave, Henllan, Clwyd

References:

Davies, E. (1929) The Prehistoric and Roman Remains of Denbighshire.

Davies, E. (1931) Plas Heaton Cave. Proceedings of the Llandudno and District Field Club.

Dawkins, W.B. (1874) Cave Hunting. London, MacMillan.

Valdemar, A.E. & Jones, R.D. (1970) An initial report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters in North Wales. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 99-107.


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Site: Pontnewydd Cave, St Asaph, Clwyd

References:

Aldhouse-Green, S. et al. (1996) Holocene humans at Pontnewydd and Cae Gronw caves. Antiquity 70: 444-447.

Campbell, S. & Bowen, D.Q. (1989) Geological Conservation Review. Quaternary of Wales. Peterborough: Nature Conservancy Council.

Dawkins, W.B. (1874) Cave Hunting. MacMillan, London.

Green, H.S. (1981) The first Welshman: excavations at Pontnewydd. Antiquity 55: 184-194.

Green, H.S. et al. (1981) Pontnewydd Cave in Wales - a new Middle Pleistocene site. Nature 294: 707-713.

Green, H.S. (1984) Pontnewydd Cave: a lower Palaeolithic hominid site in Wales - the first report. Cardiff, National Museum of Wales.

Green, H.S. (1986) The Palaeolithic settlement of Wales research project: a review of progress 1978-85. In Colcutt, S.N. (ed.) The Palaeolithic of Britain and its Nearest Neighbours: Recent Trends. Sheffield, University of Sheffield, pp. 36-42.

Green, H.S. & Currant, A.P. (1982) Early man in Wales: Pontnewydd Cave (Clwyd) and its Pleistocene fauna. Nature in Wales 1: 40-43.

Green, H.S. et al. (1989) Le site Acheuleen de la Grotte de Pontnewydd, Pays de Galles. L’Anthropologie 93: 15-52.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. Cardiff, National Museum of Wales.

Hicks, H. (1886) Results of some recent researches in some bone caves in North Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of London 42: 3-11.

Hughes, T.M. (1885) Notes on the geology of the Vale of Clwyd. Proceedings of the Chester Society for Natural Science 3: 5-37.

Hughes, T.M. (1887) On the drifts of the Vale of Clwyd and their relation to the caves and cave deposits. Journal of the Geological Society of London 43: 73-120.

Hughes, T.M. & Thomas, D.R. (1874) On the occurrence of felstone implements of the Le Moustier type in Pontnewydd Cave, near Cefn, St Asaph. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 3: 387-392.

Kelly, S.F. (1967) As good as new. The Speleologist 2: 20-21.

Mackintosh, D. (1876) On the correlation of the deposits in Cefn and Pontnewydd Caves with the drifts of the north-west of England and Wales. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 32: 91-94.

Molleson, T. (1976) Remains of Pleistocene man in Paviland and Pontnewydd Caves. Transactions of the British Cave Research Association 3: 112-116.

Neaverson, E. (1942) A summary of the records of Pleistocene and post-glacial mammalia from North Wales and Merseyside. Proceedings of the Liverpool Geological Society 70-85.

Stanley, E. (1832) Memoir on a cave at Cefn, Denbighshire. Edinburgh New Philosophical Society Journal 14: 40-53.

Valdemar, A.E. (1970) A new assessment of the occupation of the Cefn Cave in relation to the Bont Newydd Cave and the River Elwy. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 109-112.


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Site: Potter's Cave, Caldey Island, Dyfed

References:

Bronk Ramsey, C., Pettitt, P.B., Hedges, R.E.M., Hodgins, G.W.L. & Owen, D.C. (2000) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 30. Archaeometry 42: 459-479.

David, A. (1991) Late glacial archaeological residues from Wales: a selection. In Barton, N. et al. (eds) The Late Glacial in North West Europe. CBA Research Report 77, pp. 141-159.

Davies, M. (1976) Recent excavations at Potter’s Cave, Caldey Island. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 82: 3-6.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91.

Gibson, A.M. (1982) Beaker domestic sites: a study of the domestic pottery of the late third and early second millenia B.C. in the British Isles. British Archaeological Reports British Series 107. B.A.R., Oxford.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. Cardiff, National Museum of Wales.

Lacaille, A.D. & Grimes, W.F. (1961) The prehistory of Caldey, Part 2. Archaeologia Cambrensis 110: 37-39, 60-63.

Savory, H.N. (1955) A corpus of Welsh Bronze Age pottery. Part I: Beakers. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 16: 215-241.

Van Nedervelde, J. & Davies, M. (1975) Potter’s Cave, Caldey Island. Archaeology in Wales 15: 38-39.

Van Nedervelde, J. & Davies, M. (1976) Potter’s Cave, Caldey Island. Archaeology in Wales 16: 25.


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Site: Priory Farm Cave, Monkton, Pembroke, Dyfed

References:

David, A. (1991) Late glacial archaeological residues from Wales: a selection. In Barton, N. et al. (eds) The Late Glacial in North-West Europe. CBA Research Report 77: 141-159.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. Cardiff, National Museum of Wales.

Grimes, W.F. & Cowley, L.F. (1933) Priory Farm Cave, Monkton, Pembrokeshire. Archaeologia Cambrensis 88-100.

Laws, E. (1907) Bronze implements found near Pembroke Castle. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries 21: 487-488.

Laws, E. (1908) Bronze implements from the shores of Milford Haven. Archaeologia Cambrensis 8: 114-115.

Valdemar, A.E. (1970) A preliminary report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters of Wales. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 113-126.


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Site: Red Fescue Hole (Red Chamber), Rhossili, West Glamorgan

References:

Davies, M. (1986) Red Fescue Hole, Rhosili. Archaeology in Wales 26: 34.

Davies, M. (1986) Red Fescue Hole, Gower. William Pengelly Cave Studies Trust Newsletter 48: 1-5.


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Site: Rhosddigre (Rhos Isaf) Caves, Llandegla, Clwyd

References:

Dawkins, W.B. (1874) Cave Hunting. MacMillan, London, p. 156-158.

Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales (1914) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Wales and Monmouthshire. IV. County of Denbigh. HMSO, Cardiff.

Valdemar, A.E. & Jones, R.D. (1970) An initial report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters in North Wales. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 99-107.


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Site: Rockrose Hole, Port-Eynon, West Glamorgan

References:

Davies, M. (1983) Rockrose Cave, Overton. Archaeology in Wales 23: 15-16.

Davies, M. (1984) Archaeological caves in Gower – old and new. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 98: 22-26.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91.


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Site: Skeleton Cave, Great Orme, Llandudno, Gwynedd

References:

Griffiths, R. (1994) Caves of the Great Orme. Ogofa 2.


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Site: Small Ord Point (Daylight Rock Cave), Caldey Island, Dyfed

References:

Bronk Ramsey, C., Pettitt, P.B., Hedges, R.E.M., Hodgins, G.W.L. & Owen, D.C. (2000) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 30. Archaeometry 42: 459-479.

David, A. (1989) Some aspects of the human presence in West Wales during the Mesolithic. In Bonsall, C. (ed.) The Mesolithic in Europe. Edinburgh, Donald.

Davies, M. (1976) Small Ord Point, Caldy Island. Archaeology in Wales 16: 25.

Gibson, A. (1995) First impressions: a review of Peterborough Ware in Wales. In Kinnes, I. & Varndell, G. (eds) 'Unbaked Urns of Rudely Shape': Essays on British and Irish Pottery. Oxbow Monograph 55. Oxbow Books, Oxford, pp. 23-39.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1994) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 18. Archaeometry 36: 337-374.

Jacobi, R.M. (1980) The early Holocene settlement of Wales. In Taylor, J.A. (ed) Culture and Environment in Prehistoric Wales: Selected Essays. British Archaeological Reports British Series, 76: 131-206.

Lacaille, A.D. & Grimes, W.F. (1956) The prehistory of Caldey. Archaeologia Cambrensis 104: 85-165.

Lacaille, A.D. & Grimes, W.F. (1961) The prehistory of Caldey, Part 2. Archaeologia Cambrensis 110: 37-39, 60-63.

Valdemar, A.E. (1970) A preliminary report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters of Wales. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 113-126.


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Site: Spritsail Tor (Prissens Tor) Cave, Llanmadoc, West Glamorgan

References:

Allen, E.E. & Rutter, J.G. (1948) Gower Caves. Welsh Guides, Swansea.

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Davies, M. (1983) Prissens Tor Cave, Llanmadoc. Archaeology in Wales 23: 15.

Davies, M. (1984) Archaeological caves in Gower – old and new. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 98: 22-26.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91.

Howes, C. (1988) Cave photography in South Wales prior to 1860. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 15: 149-155.

Falconer, H. (1860) On the ossiferous caves of the Peninsula of Gower, In Glamorganshire, South Wales. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 16: 487-491.

Gibson, A.M. (1982) Beaker domestic sites: a study of the domestic pottery of the late third and early second millenia B.C. in the British Isles. British Archaeological Reports British Series 107. B.A.R., Oxford.

Lydekker, R. (1884) Notes on some fossil carnivora and rodentia. Geological Magazine 21: 442-445.

Penniman, T.K. (1932) Culver Hole Cave and its vicinity, Llangenith and Llanmadoc, Gower. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 6: 196-197.

Penniman, T.K. (1933) Hyaena dens and shell heaps. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 7: 72-73.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1976) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Glamorgan. Volume I: Pre-Norman Part I. The Stone and Bronze Ages. HMSO, Cardiff.

Savory, H.N. (1955) A corpus of Welsh Bronze Age pottery. Part I: Beakers. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 16: 215-241.

Valdemar, A.E. (1970) A preliminary report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters of Wales. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12(2): 113-126.

Williams, A. (1939) Prehistoric and Roman period pottery in the RISW. Archaeologia Cambrensis 94: 29.


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Site: Spurge Hole, Southgate, West Glamorgan

References:

Aldhouse-Green, S. et al. (1996) Holocene humans from Pontnewydd and Cae Gronw Caves. Antiquity 70: 444-447.

Brassil, K.S. (1994) A Neolithic burial from Spurge Hole, Gower. Archaeologia Cambrensis 143

Davies, M. (1985) Spurge Hole. William Pengelly Cave Studies Trust Newsletter 46: 1-4.

Davies, M. (1986) Spurge Hole, Southgate. Archaeology in Wales 26: 34.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91.


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Site: Tooth Cave, Ilston, West Glamorgan

References:

Anon (1962) Welsh potholers find Bronze Age skeletons. New Scientist 14(287): 330.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91.

Harvey, J.C., Morgan, R. & Webley, D.P. (1967) Tooth Cave, Ilston, Gower. An early Bronze Age occupation. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 22: 277-290.

Longworth, I.H. (1984) Collared Urns of the Bronze Age in Great Britain and Ireland. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Morgan, R. & Harvey, J. (1962) Tooth Cave, Gower. British Caving 35: 52-54.

Oldham, T. (1978) The Caves of Gower. Privately printed.

Price, G. (1984) Llethrid Swallett, Tooth Cave and the caves associated with the Wellhead Resurgence, Gower Peninsula. Cerberus Speleological Society Journal 14: 13-19.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1976) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Glamorgan. Volume I: Pre-Norman Part I. The Stone and Bronze Ages. HMSO, Cardiff.

Valdemar, A.E. (1972) Bibliography of Welsh Cave archaeology and palaeontology. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 14(1): 33-42.

Webley, D. (1962) Archaeology in Wales 5.


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Site: Twll Carw Coch, Cader Fawr, Penderyn, Mid Glamorgan

References:

Aldhouse-Green, S. et al. (1996) Holocene humans from Pontnewydd and Cae Gronw Caves. Antiquity 70: 444-447.

Jones, J.C. (Bodlon, Y.D.) (1985) Twll Carw Coch. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 99: 21.


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Site: Upper Blackhole, Rhossili, West Glamorgan

References:

Davies, M. (1983) Upper Blackhole, Overton. Archaeology in Wales 23: 16.

Davies, M. (1984) Upper Blackhole. William Pengelly Cave Studies Trust Newsletter 44: 7-8.

Davies, M. (1985) Upper Blackhole - a new cave archaeological site in Gower. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 99: 18-19.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91.


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Site: Upper Kendrick's Cave, Great Orme, Llandudno, Gwynedd

References:

Davies, M. (1978) Upper Kendrick’s Cave, Great Orme. Archaeology in Wales 18: 34

Davies, M. (1979) Upper Kendrick’s Cave, Great Orme. Archaeology in Wales 19: 12-13.

Davies, M. (1979) Upper Kendrick’s Cave, Great Orme: excavations of 1978. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 91: 10-13.

Davies, M. (1983) The excavation of Upper Kendrick’s Cave, Llandudno. Studies in Speleology 4: 45-52.

Stone, T.A. (1994) A glimpse of Llandudno in prehistory. Journal of the Great Orme Exploration Society Supplement 2: 1-28.

Stone, T.A. & Davies, M. (1976) Upper Kendrick's Cave, Great Orme. Archaeology in Wales 16: 15.

Stone, T.A. & Davies, M. (1977) Upper Kendrick's Cave, Great Orme. Archaeology in Wales 17: 15.


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Site: Woolley’s Hole, Llanmadoc, West Glamorgan

References:

Davies, M. (1985) Wooley’s Hole rediscovered. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 100: 28.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91.

Taylor, M.C. (1957) Wooley’s Hole. British Caver 28: 55-59.


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Site: Worm's Head Cave, Rhossili, West Glamorgan

References:

Allen, E.E. & Rutter, J.G. (1948) Gower Caves. Welsh Guides, Swansea.

Davies, M. (1981) Worms Head Cave. Archaeology in Wales 21: 25.

Davies, M. (1982) Newsletter of the William Pengelly Cave Studies Trust 40.

Davies, M. (1986) Worms Head Cave, Rhosili. Archaeology in Wales 26: 34.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-91.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1996) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system. Archaeometry datelist 21. Archaeometry 38: 181-207.

Morgan, W.L. (1920) Annual Reports of the Royal Institute of South Wales: 14-15.

Oldham, T. (1978) The Caves of Gower. Privately printed.

Riches, W. (1924) Worms Head Cave. Annual Report of the Royal Institution of South Wales. 20-25.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1976) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Glamorgan. Volume I: Pre-Norman Part I. The Stone and Bronze Ages. HMSO, Cardiff.


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